Healthy Spaces & Places Healthy Spaces & Places

Development Types

Neighbourhood Planning and Design


Neighbourhood paths Burswood, Perth
Source: TPG Town Planning and Urban Design

The design and layout of a new neighbourhood or subdivision determines the nature of the urban form.   When a neighbourhood is well planned it: 

  • sets the urban character and design of an area
  • provides the footprint for public spaces that allow social interaction
  • defines access and movement networks that will encourage active transport
  • allocates land for a range of uses, eg shops, community centres, parks, thus enabling a community to meet most of their daily needs within walking or cycling distance of where they live

These outcomes will assist in enhancing the health and wellbeing of a community by encouraging people to be more physically active.

The physical characteristics of a subdivision that encourage people to be more physically active and connected to their community include:

  • mixed land use offering a range of opportunities and destinations for the community to meet their daily needs, eg. employment, shopping, education recreation
  • mixed density of development, increasing the population catchment around key destinations and improving the viability and vitality of activity centres
  • an active transport network, including an interconnected street network and a safe and legible walking and cycling network that enables direct access to key destinations

Click here for more detailed information and practice advice on health and planning for Neighbourhood Planning and Design.

Download Full Text
Neighbourhood Planning and Design.pdf

Resources
References

Best Practice Subdivision Guide - Kapiti Coast District Council New Zealand

Clause 56 Walkability Toolkit

Heart Foundation's Neighbourhood Walkability Checklist

The Yard at Home and Children's Physical Activity

Where Have All the Garden's Gone?

Your Development: Creating Sustainable Neighbourhoods

Case Studies
Geelong Walkability Toolkit

Macedon Ranges Shire Designing in Health and Wellbeing for New Subdivisions

Related Design Principles
Active Transport

Connectivity

Mixed Density

Mixed Land Use

Development Types
Neighbourhood Parks

Shopping Precincts

Schools
 

 

Last updated on 10th February, 2016

Sponsors This project was funded by the Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing.